T E C H N I C A L D A T A of the Mechanical Calculator NISA-K5 **************************************************************************** Serial Number: 178102 / V4-12292 ( V4 = Year-Code = 1970/4th Quarter ) Dimensions: (ca.) Width = 13_1/2" / 34 cm Depth = 12_1/2" / 32 cm Height = 6_1/2" / 17 cm Weight: (ca.) 10 lbs / 4.5 kg Mechanics: 10*10 Full-Keyboard Split-Stepped Drum / Geteilte Staffelwalze 10s Carry Mechanism Counter Stepping Mechanism + Animation Functions: Add, Subtract, Multiply, Divide Registers: Input = 10 Decimals Counter = 10 Decimals (NO Carry; Neg.Figures RED) Arithmetic = 20 Decimals Manufacturer: NISA Prosec/Nisa (=Neisse) , Czechoslovakia 1970 H O W T O U S E the NISA-K5 *********************************** BEFORE STARTING A TASK: ----------------------- RELEASE the REPEAT[x/:]Key by pressing the [+/-]Key above. Shift left the lower left "ITEM-COUNTER" Key (see remark below!) CLEAR the KEYBOARD by pressing the lower right key. CLEAR the COUNTER unit by lifting the right lever at the carriage. CLEAR the ARITHMETIC unit by lifting the left lever right at carriage. Lift and shift the CARRIAGE to the far left ( = POSITION 1). GENERAL: -------- Keys [+] & [-] start Add- & Subtract-Procedure and CLEAR KEYBOARD after it. Keys [x] & [:] start "Multiply"- & "Division"-Procedure same as [+] & [-] BUT D O N O T CLEAR KEYBOARD after it. ADDITION & SUBTRACTION: ----------------------- Example: 123 + 45 - 6 = 162 ADD: Enter the first number (123) in the far right columns. Make a positive (clockwise) turn with the crank to transfer the number into arithmetic unit. The counting unit displays the figure 1. Enter the second number (45). Make a positive (clockwise) turn with the crank to add the number. The arithmetic unit displays the intermediate sum (168) and the counting unit displays the figure 2. SUBTRACT: Enter the third number (6). Make a negative (counter-clockwise) turn with the crank. The arithmetic unit displays the result (162) and the counting unit is decreased by 1. REMARK: NEGATIVE RESULTS are displayed in the arithmetic unit as the COMPLEMENT of the next higher 10, 100, 1000, ... Example: -12 = 99...9988 MULTIPLICATION: --------------- Example: 123 x 45 = 5535 Clear counter and arithmetic units. Press the right REPEAT-Key [x/:]. Enter the multiplicand (123) in the far right columns. The multiplicator (45) has two digits, so the arithmetic unit is moved to position 2 with a clockwise turn of the T-Handle in front. Repeat making positive (clockwise) turns with the crank, until the first figure of the multiplicator (4) will appear in the 2nd position of the counter unit. Move the arithmetic unit with the T-Handle to position 1. Repeat making positive turns with the crank, until the second figure of the multiplicator (5) appears in the 1st position of the counter unit. The multiplication is done: The multiplicand (123) stays in keyboard, the multiplicator (45) is in the counter unit and the result (5535) is in the arithmetic unit. DIVISION: --------- Example: 22 : 7 = 3.142857142 Remainder 6 Division requires 3 steps: (A) To Set the Dividend into Arithmetic Unit: ----------------------------------------- For the maximum number of decimals, pull out the arithmetic unit to the far right position. Enter the dividend (22) in the far right columns. Make a positive (clockwise) turn with the crank to transfer into arithmetic unit. (B) To Set the Divisor in the Keyboard: ----------------------------------- Clear the counter unit. Enter the divisor (7) below the dividend (22). Press the right REPEAT[x/:]Key. (C) To Divide: ---------- Make negative (counter-clockwise) turns with the crank until the arithmetic unit shows an "underflow". Make one positive (clockwise) turn with the crank. Move the carriage with the T-handle to the next left position. Repeat this procedure until the required number of decimals are calculated... The result (3.142857142) is in the counter unit ( in RED ), and the remainder (6) is in the arithmetic unit. The divisor (7) stays in the input unit, therefore an additional decimal can be estimated ... ( 8, cause 8 x 7 = 56). R E M A R K S : ============================================================================ The COUNTER-FIGURES ( WHITE/RED ) follows the "MONROE-TYPE"-Scheme ... It depends of the CRANK TYPE whether "UP" or "DOWN" is the IDLE POSITION The lower left "ITEM-COUNTER" lever: ------------------------------------ Because the counter has no 10s-carry, there is no "build-in" counting of the items to add. Here the "Item-Counter" lever is useful: When the left keys [0]&[1] are pressed simultaniously, the left lever shifts right and locks both keys. Now the arithmetic unit will count the items in the left column. The "CLEAR KEYBOARD" Button will NOT clear this [0]&[1] keys! The [0]&[1] keys are released by shifting the left lever to the left. ( See the original idea, a simplified version, in the MONROE LX ...) HOW TO OPEN THE K5 ( valid for the PLASTIC COVER version ): ----------------------------------------------------------- o Set the calculator in idle state o Lift & pull the carriage to the middle o Remove the mini-screws of the clear-lever caps and pull them o Push the lower right button and AT THE SAME TIME pull out the crank o Pull the small lower left "Item-Counter" cap o Push pins into both holes on the back side of the metal bottom bowl and AT THE SAME TIME LIFT THE COVER WITH THE CALCULATOR to the front out of its bottom bowl ( Beware of 2 hooks in front! ) o Put the calculator upside down on a soft towel o Now the CARRIAGE COVER's center screw on the bottom-back is accessible: Remove it! Loose the screws left and right. Remove the metal holders, than remove the plastic carriage cover too o Put the calculator back in its bottom bowl o Lift & pull the carriage to the right o Remove the body's plastic cover o Now all parts are accessible ... There is a 2nd »K5« with METALL COVERS in the collection: ----------------------------------------------------------- Serial Number: 178102 / X3-22092 ( X3 = Year-Code = 1972/3rd Quarter ) Weight: (ca.) 11 lbs / 5 kg o There is NO NAME-TAG »K5« on the cover o The METAL CARRIAGE COVER has NO CENTRAL SCREW, therefore to o OPEN THE CALCULATOR: Start with removing the carriage cover ... impressum: **************************************************************************** © C.HAMANN http://public.beuth-hochschule.de/~hamann 05/15/07 |