previous <<==>> next

MONROE   Model-1
Have a look at an older model or a newer version


TECHNICAL DATA      of the Electro-Mechanical Calculator  MONROE  »Model-1«
***************************************************************************
Model:              LA5-160

Serial Number:      416982   ( green/black )

Dimensions:  (ca.)  Width   =  11_1/2" /  29 cm
                    Depth   =  11    " /  28 cm
                    Height  =   6_1/2" /  17 cm

Weight:      (ca.)  14 lbs  /  6.5 kg

Power Supply:       110 - 135 V AC / DC

Mechanics:          8*10 Full-Keyboard
                    Split-Stepped Drum / Geteilte Staffelwalze 
                    10s Carry Mechanism
                    Counter Stepping Mechanism Animation

Functions:          Add, Subtract, Multiply, Divide
                    Division-Automatic!

Registers:          Input       =   8 Decimals
                    Counter     =   8 Decimals (NO Carry; Neg.Figures RED)
                    Arithmetic  =  16 Decimals
Manufacturer:
                    MONROE Calculating Machine Co.
                    New York / USA
                    1950

H O W   T O   U S E   the  MONROE  »Model-1«
********************************************

BEFORE STARTING A TASK:
-----------------------
RELEASE the red REPEAT-Button (R) by pressing the red button () above.
CLEAR the KEYBOARD by pressing the lower right red Button (0).
CLEAR the COUNTER unit by turning the carriage crank clockwise.
CLEAR the ARITHMETIC unit by turning the same crank counter-clockwise.
Lift and shift the CARRIAGE to the far left ( = POSITION 1).

ADDITION & SUBTRACTION:
-----------------------
Example:   123 + 45 - 6  =  162

ADD: Enter the first number (123) in the far right columns. Press the
PLUS-key (+) to transfer the number into arithmetic unit. The counting
unit displays the figure 1. Enter the second number (45). Press the PLUS-
key (+) to add the number. The arithmetic unit displays the intermediate
sum (168) and the counting unit displays the figure 2.

SUBTRACT: Enter the third number (6). Press the MINUS-key (-). The
arithmetic unit displays the result (162) and the counting unit is
decreased by 1.

REMARK:     NEGATIVE RESULTS are displayed in the arithmetic unit
            as the COMPLEMENT of the next higher 10, 100, 1000, ...

            Example:   -12  =  99...9988

MULTIPLICATION:
---------------
Example:    123 x 45  =  5535

Clear counter and arithmetic units. Press the right red REPEAT-Button (R).

Enter the multiplicand (123) in the far right columns. The multiplicator
(45) has two digits, so the arithmetic unit is moved to position 2 with a
clockwise turn of the T-Handle in front. Repeat pressing the PLUS-key (+),
until the first figure of the multiplicator (4) will appear in the 2nd
position of the counter unit. Move the arithmetic unit with the T-Handle to
position 1. Repeat pressing the PLUS-key (+), until the second figure of
the multiplicator (5) appears in the 1st position of the counter unit. The
multiplication is done: The multiplicand (123) stays in keyboard, the
multiplicator (45) is in the counter unit and the result (5535) is in the
arithmetic unit.

DIVISION:
---------
Example:   22 : 7  =  3.1428571  Remainder 3

Division requires 3 steps:

(A) To Set the Dividend into Arithmetic Unit:
    -----------------------------------------
    For the maximum number of decimals, pull out the arithmetic unit to the
    far right position. Enter the dividend (22) in the far right columns.
    Press the PLUS-key (+) to transfer into arithmetic unit.

(B) To Set the Divisor in the Keyboard:
    -----------------------------------
    Clear the counter unit by turning the carriage crank clockwise.
    Enter the divisor (7) below the dividend (22).
    Press the right red REPEAT-Button (R).

(C) To Divide:
    ----------
    Set the upper left red toggle lever to divide (:) and the machine will
    calculate all decimals (and moves the carriage) automatically.

    The result (3.1428571) is in the counter unit ( in RED ), and the
    remainder (3) is in the arithmetic unit. The divisor (7) stays in the
    input unit, therefore an additional decimal can be estimated ...
    ( 4, cause 4 x 7 = 28).


R E M A R K   T O   » M O D E L - 1 «   vs.   » Model LA5-160 «
***************************************************************************
The LABEL on the back side is naming this calculator  " NO. 1 "  ...

    

It is the same label as the one under the  OLD » MODEL-1 «  - MY GUESS:
Because of the commercial success of the  OLD MODEL-1, the  MONROE Company
continued to use this "BRAND-MARK" also for their newer versions ...


R E M A R K S   to the missing / restored  "ITEM-COUNTER-CLIP": 
===========================================================================

        

Because the counter has no 10s-carry, there is no "build-in" counting of
the items to add. Here the "Item-Counter-Clip" is useful:  Home-made out of
an "Aligator Clip"  -  When this clip is switched to the right the (1) key
is pressed, the arithmetic unit will count the items in this column(s) ...
In this case the "CLEAR KEYBOARD" Button will NOT clear this (1) key.

       Have a look at the  HOME-MADE POWER PLUG  for 220 VAC ...

PS.:   The Picture on the 100 US$ Note is Benjamin Franklin

impressum:
**************************************************************************
© C.HAMANN        http://public.beuth-hochschule.de/~hamann       12/15/08