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SCHUBERT   DRV



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T E C H N I C A L   D A T A   of  the  Mechanical  Calculator   SCHUBERT
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                                                          Model  » DRV «
Serial Number:       65K284

Dimensions:   (ca.)  Width   =   11    " /  28 cm
                     Depth   =    5_1/2" /  14 cm
                     Height  =    5    " /  13 cm

Weight:       (ca.)  12 lbs  /  5.4 kg

Mechanics:           Pin-Wheel / Sprossenrad
                     10s Carry Mechanism

Functions:           Add, Subtract, Multiply, Divide
                     Back-Transfer / Rueckuebertragung

Registers:           Input       =   10 Decimals
                     Counter     =    8 Decimals
                     Arithmetic  =   13 Decimals
Manufacturer:
                     SCHUBERT 
                     Rastatt / Baden
                     Germany
                     1956

H O W  T O  U S E   the  SCHUBERT  »DRV«
****************************************
( Refer to the Picture from the Manual )


                         OPERATING CONTROLS

  1  Crank         5  Reset                      9  Move Carriage
  2  Counter           Arithmetic & Counter          continuously
  3  Input         6  Reset Input               10  Counter Direction
  4  Arithmetic    7  Disable Counter-Reset     11  Reset Counter
                   8  Move Carriage             12  Back-Transfer Lever
                       One Step Right or Left

BASIC SETTINGS:
===============

(a) Crank:
----------
For addition (+) the crank is turned clockwise; for subtraction (-) the
crank is turned counter-clockwise. In the idle position the crank is DOWN
& LOCKED. To make one or more turns with the crank, pull out the handle to
unlock. When finished the turn(s), let the handle snap into lock again. The
locked down position only makes other functions (ex. clearing) accessible.

REMARK:      Every started turn has to be finished completely!
             Accidentally started turns are correctible somehow.

(b) Shifting the Carriage:
--------------------------
The left position "1" is the "Start Position" of the carriage.

(c) Counting Direction:
-----------------------
It depends of the 1st turn of the crank how the counter is switched to
(+) or (-). The counter will increase its content for positive (clock-
wise) or negative (counter-clockwise) turns. When the direction of the
turns is changed, the counter will decrease its content. In both cases
the counter is working with 10s-carry - and allows "Shortened Method of
Multiplication".

(d) Clear Counter & Arithmetic:
-------------------------------
Lever [5] clears counter & arithmetic unit - Lever [11] counter only.

(e) Back Transfer:
------------------
For continuous multiplication the contents of the arithmetic unit
can be back transfered into the input register with this procedure:

Push & HOLD lever [6];  Pull lever [12], release [6 & 12];  Pull [5]

    A  ==>>  I ;   A & C cleared

ADDITION & SUBTRACTION:
=======================
Example:     123 + 45 - 6  =  162

Clear input, counter and arithmetic units.

ADD: Enter the first number (123) in the far right of the input unit.
Make a positive (clockwise) turn with the crank to transfer the number
into arithmetic unit. The counting unit displays the figure 1. Enter the
second number (45). Make a positive (clockwise) turn with the crank to
add the number. The arithmetic unit displays the intermediate sum (168)
and the counting unit displays the figure 2.

SUBTRACT: Enter the third number (6). Make a negative (counter-clockwise)
turn with the crank. The arithmetic unit displays the result (162) and
the counting unit is decreased by 1.

REMARK:      NEGATIVE RESULTS are displayed in the arithmetic unit
             as the COMPLEMENT of the next higher 10, 100, 1000, ...

             Example:   -12  =  99...9988

MULTIPLICATION:
===============
Example:     123 x 45  =  5535

Clear input, counter and arithmetic units.

Enter the multiplicand (123) in the far right of the input unit. The
multiplicator (45) has two digits, so the carriage is shifted to
position 2. Make positive (clockwise) turns with the crank, until the
first figure of the multiplicator (4) will appear in the 2nd position of
the counter unit. Shift the carriage to position 1. Repeat making positive
turns with the crank, until the second figure of the multiplicator (5)
appears in the 1st position of the counter unit. The multiplication is
done: The multiplicand (123) stays in the input unit, the multiplicator
(45) in the counter and the result (5535) is in the arithmetic unit.

DIVISION:
=========
Example:     22 : 7  =  3.1428571  Remainder 3

Division requires 3 steps:

(1st) To Set the Dividend into Arithmetic Unit:
-----------------------------------------------
    For the maximum number of decimals, pull out the carriage to the far
    right position. Enter the dividend (22) in the far right of the input
    unit. Make a positive (clockwise) turn with the crank to transfer
    into arithmetic unit.

(2nd) To Set the Divisor into Input Unit:
-----------------------------------------
    Clear counter & input units.
    Enter the divisor (7) above the dividend (22).

(3rd) To Divide:
----------------
    Make negative (counter-clockwise) turns with the crank until the
    arithmetic unit shows an "underflow". Make one positive (clockwise)
    turn with the crank. Move the carriage to the next left position.
    Repeat this procedure until the required number of decimals ...

    The result (3.1428571) is in the counter unit, and the remainder (3)
    is in the arithmetic unit. The divisor (7) stays in the input unit,
    therefore an additional decimal can be estimated...
    ( 4, cause 4 x 7 = 28).

R E M A R K S :
========================================================================
(1st)
    There is a "Transport Lock" on the left side of the carriage.
    Make sure that the SCREW ( from bottom side ) is released.
(2nd)
    Until 1958 the first two figures of the serial number exchanged
    give the year of production   ==>>>   SN = 65K284  was made in 1956

impressum:
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© C.HAMANN       http://public.beuth-hochschule.de/~hamann       11/04/08